In closed adoption, you don’t disclose the true history of the adopted kids’ birth parents. When they grow up, these children that were on closed adoption process will develop a sense of incomplete identity.
Adoptive children who have no idea who their real parents are will have some kind of void within them that makes it difficult for them to feel grounded to the present. They are eaten up inside by questions of their origin and belongingness and they get uneasy with the home and family that they are now living with.
A child of open adoption with have a greater sense of self-identity, and will be better equipped in making decision for himself on where he wants to go. The birth parents, knowing who adopted their child, will also have less guilt especially if they see that the child has a good life. In reality, ancestry is not necessarily need for self actualization.
If you had an open domestic adoption, then you will not have problems accessing information. With access to information, a child’s questions on why he was given for adoption will be answered and he will for be forever wondering why and hurting himself psychologically.
There will be a sense of distrust for the birth parents if there is no information about them. and this is true for closed adoption. Adoptive parents will tend to build a protection for their adopted child but they will be in constant fear, in the case of closed adoption, because they don’t know about the birth parents who might try to contact the child and shatter whatever protection they have buildup.
Insecurity will be lessened on the part of the child and the parents in open adoptions since they will be able to cultivate a healthy relationship with the birth parents. There will be no fear of slip ups or shocking information about the adoption if everything is in the open.
Unforeseen medical emergencies arise where there is an immediate need for compatible organ or blood donors. Access to people with the same DNA would come in very handy in these moments. Sometimes the difference between life and death lies in the availability of information regarding health issues or the family medical history.
When children know that they were not abandoned, just loved enough to have been carefully chosen a better home for, they are definitely more likely to develop a concrete sense of personal familial security that leads to high levels of self confidence.
If you have two sets of parents to love and be loved by is a benefit that cannot be countered